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Targeted removal of trichlorophenol in water by oleic acid-coated nanoscale palladium/zero-valent iron alginate beads11Abbreviations: CP – chlorophenol; DCP – dichlorophenol; MCP – monochlorophenol; n-ZVI – nanoscale zero-valent iron; Pd/nZVI – nanoscale palladium zero-valent iron; Pd/nZVI-A – nanoscale palladium zero-valent iron alginate beads; Pd/nZVI-A-O – oleic acid-coated nanoscale palladium zero-valent iron alginate beads; SRHA – Suwannee River humic acid; TCP – trichlorophenol.

Chang, Jaewon, Woo, Heesoo, Ko, Myoung-Soo, Lee, Jaesang, Lee, Seockheon, Yun, Seong-Taek, Lee, Seunghak
Journal of hazardous materials 2015 v.293 pp. 30-36
bicarbonates, groundwater, humic acids, hydrophobicity, iron, nitrates, oleic acid, palladium, phenol, phosphates, rivers, surface water
A new material was developed and evaluated for the targeted removal of trichlorophenol (TCP) from among potential interferents which are known to degrade removal activity. To achieve TCP-targeted activity, an alginate bead containing nanoscale palladium/zero-valent iron (Pd/nZVI) was coated with a highly hydrophobic oleic acid layer. The new material (Pd/nZVI-A-O) preferentially sorbed TCP from a mixture of chlorinated phenols into the oleic acid cover layer and subsequently dechlorinated it to phenol. The removal efficacy of TCP by Pd/nZVI-A-O was not affected by co-existing organic substances such as Suwannee River humic acid (SRHA), whereas the material without the oleic acid layer (Pd/nZVI-A) became less effective with increasing SRHA concentration. The inorganic substances nitrate and phosphate significantly reduced the reactivity of Pd/nZVI-A, however, Pd/nZVI-A-O showed similar TCP removal efficacies regardless of the initial inorganic ion concentrations. The influence of bicarbonate on the TCP removal efficacies of both Pd/nZVI-A and Pd/nZVI-A-O was not significant. The findings from this study suggest that Pd/nZVI-A-O, with its targeted, constant reactivity for TCP, would be effective for treating this contaminant in surface water or groundwater containing various competitive substrates.