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One-step green synthesis of non-hazardous dicarboxyl cellulose flocculant and its flocculation activity evaluation

Zhu, Hangcheng, Zhang, Yong, Yang, Xiaogang, Liu, Hongyi, Shao, Lan, Zhang, Xiumei, Yao, Juming
Journal of hazardous materials 2015 v.296 pp. 1-8
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, aluminum chloride, cellulose, chemical structure, flocculants, flocculation, kaolin, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, pH, pollution, polyacrylamide, pulp and paper mills, scanning electron microscopy, schiff bases, sodium hydroxide, solvents, urea, wastewater treatment, zeta potential
The waste management of used flocculants is a thorny issue in the field of wastewater treatment. To natural cellulose based flocculants, utilization of hazardous cellulose solvent and simplification of synthetic procedure are the two urgent problems needing to be further improved. In this work, a series of natural dicarboxyl cellulose flocculants (DCCs) were one-step synthesized via Schiff-base route. The cellulose solvent (NaOH/Urea solution) was utilized during the synthesis process. The full-biodegradable flocculants avoid causing secondary pollution to environment. The chemical structure and solution property of the DCC products were characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, TGA, FESEM, charge density and ζ-potential. Kaolin suspension and effluent from paper mill were selected to evaluate the flocculation activity of the DCCs. Their flocculation performance was compared with that of commercial cationic polyacrylamide and poly aluminium chloride flocculants. The positive results showed that the NaOH/Urea solvent effectively promoted the dialdehyde cellulose (DAC) conversion to DCC in the one-step synthesis reaction. The DCCs with the carboxylate content more than 1mmol/g exhibited steady flocculation performance to kaolin suspension in the broad pH range from 4 to 10. Its flocculation capacity to the effluent from paper mill also showed excellent.