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Behavior of oxyfluorfen in soils amended with different sources of organic matter. Effects on soil biology
- Gómez, Isidoro, Rodríguez-Morgado, Bruno, Parrado, Juan, García, Carlos, Hernández, Teresa, Tejada, Manuel
- Journal of hazardous materials 2014 v.273 pp. 207-214
- biodiversity, biofertilizers, enzyme activity, lipid content, microbial activity, molecular weight, municipal solid waste, organic matter, oxyfluorfen, pesticide application, protein content, rice bran, sheep manure, soil amendments, soil biological properties, soil microorganisms
- We performed a laboratory study on the effect of oxyfluorfen at a rate of 4lha−1 on biological properties of a soil amended with four organic wastes (two biostimulants/biofertilizers, obtained from rice bran, RB1 and RB2; municipal solid waste, MSW; and sheep manure, SM). Soil was mixed with SM at a rate of 1%, MSW at a rate of 0.52%, RB1 at a rate of 0.39% and RB2 at a rate of 0.30%, in order to apply the same amount of organic matter to the soil. The enzymatic activities and microbial community in the soil were determined during the incubation times. The application of RB1 and RB2 to soil without oxyfluorfen increased the enzymatic activities and biodiversity, peaking at day 10 of the incubation period. This stimulation was higher in the soil amended with RB2 than in that amended with RB1. In SM and CF-amended soils, the stimulation of enzymatic activities and soil biodiversity increased during the experiment. The application of herbicide in organic-amended soils decreased the inhibition of soil enzymatic activities and soil biodiversity. Possibly the low molecular weight protein content easily assimilated by soil microorganisms and the higher fat content in the biostimulants/biofertilizers are responsible for the lower inhibition of these soil biological properties.