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Cr(VI) transport via a supported ionic liquid membrane containing CYPHOS IL101 as carrier: System analysis and optimization through experimental design strategies

Rodríguez de San Miguel, Eduardo, Vital, Xóchitl, de Gyves, Josefina
Journal of hazardous materials 2014 v.273 pp. 253-262
aluminum, calcium, chlorides, chromium, citrates, experimental design, hydrochloric acid, ionic liquids, ions, liquid membranes, nitrates, sodium hydroxide, sulfates, toxicity
Chromium(VI) transport through a supported liquid membrane (SLM) system containing the commercial ionic liquid CYPHOS IL101 as carrier was studied. A reducing stripping phase was used as a mean to increase recovery and to simultaneously transform Cr(VI) into a less toxic residue for disposal or reuse. General functions which describe the time-depending evolution of the metal fractions in the cell compartments were defined and used in data evaluation. An experimental design strategy, using factorial and central-composite design matrices, was applied to assess the influence of the extractant, NaOH and citrate concentrations in the different phases, while a desirability function scheme allowed the synchronized optimization of depletion and recovery of the analyte. The mechanism for chromium permeation was analyzed and discussed to contribute to the understanding of the transfer process. The influence of metal concentration was evaluated as well. The presence of different interfering ions (Ca2+, Al3+, NO3−, SO42−, and Cl−) at several Cr(VI): interfering ion ratios was studied through the use of a Plackett and Burman experimental design matrix. Under optimized conditions 90% of recovery was obtained from a feed solution containing 7mgL−1 of Cr(VI) in 0.01moldm−3 HCl medium after 5h of pertraction.