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Quality improvement of pyrolysis oil from waste rubber by adding sawdust

Wen-liang Wang, Jian-min Chang, Li-ping Cai, Sheldon Q. Shi
Waste management 2014 v.34 pp. 2603-2610
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, carbon, chromatography, combustion, heat, nitrogen, oils, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, pyrolysis, rubber, sawdust, sulfur, temperature, thermogravimetry, vapors, waste management, weight loss
This work was aimed at improving the pyrolysis oil quality of waste rubber by adding larch sawdust. Using a 1kg/h stainless pyrolysis reactor, the contents of sawdust in rubber were gradually increased from 0%, 50%, 100% and 200% (wt%) during the pyrolysis process. Using a thermo-gravimetric (TG) analyzer coupled with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis of evolving products (TG–FTIR), the weight loss characteristics of the heat under different mixtures of sawdust/rubber were observed. Using the pyrolysis–gas chromatography (GC)–mass spectrometry (Py–GC/MS), the vapors from the pyrolysis processes were collected and the compositions of the vapors were examined. During the pyrolysis process, the recovery of the pyrolysis gas and its composition were measured in-situ at a reaction temperature of 450°C and a retaining time of 1.2s. The results indicated that the efficiency of pyrolysis was increased and the residual carbon was reduced as the percentage of sawdust increased. The adding of sawdust significantly improved the pyrolysis oil quality by reducing the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and nitrogen and sulfur compounds contents, resulting in an improvement in the combustion efficiency of the pyrolysis oil.