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Enhanced efficiency of cadmium removal by Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaud. in the presence of exogenous citric and oxalic acids

Li, Huaying, Liu, Yunguo, Zeng, Guangming, Zhou, Lu, Wang, Xin, Wang, Yaqin, Wang, Chunlin, Hu, Xinjiang, Xu, Weihua
Journal of Environmental Sciences 2014 v.26 pp. 2508-2516
Boehmeria nivea, cadmium, citric acid, ions, ligands, oxalic acid, remediation, roots, shoots, toxicity
Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaud. is a potential candidate for the remediation of Cd contaminated sites. The present investigation aims to explore Cd tolerance threshold and to quickly identify the role of exogenous organic acids in Cd uptake and abiotic metal stress damage. Elevated Cd levels (0–10mg/L) resulted in an obvious rise in Cd accumulation, ranging from 268.0 to 374.4 in root and 25.2 to 41.2mg/kg dry weight in shoot, respectively. Citric acid at 1.5mmol/L significantly facilitated Cd uptake by 26.7% in root and by 1-fold in shoot, respectively. Cd translocation efficiency from root to shoot was improved by a maximum of 66.4% under 3mmol/L of oxalic acid. Citric acid exhibited more prominent mitigating effect than oxalic acid due to its stronger ligand affinity for chelating with metal and avoiding the toxicity injury of free Cd ions more efficiently. The present work provides a potential strategy for efficient Cd remediation with B. nivea.