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Temporal variation of VOC emission from solvent and water based wood stains

de Gennaro, Gianluigi, Loiotile, Annamaria Demarinis, Fracchiolla, Roberta, Palmisani, Jolanda, Saracino, Maria Rosaria, Tutino, Maria
Atmospheric environment 2015 v.115 pp. 53-61
adverse effects, alpha-pinene, atmospheric chemistry, benzene, camphene, ethylbenzene, human health, limonene, solvents, styrene, temporal variation, toluene, volatile organic compounds, wood, xylene
Solvent- and water-based wood stains were monitored using a small test emission chamber in order to characterize their emission profiles in terms of Total and individual VOCs. The study of concentration–time profiles of individual VOCs enabled to identify the compounds emitted at higher concentration for each type of stain, to examine their decay curve and finally to estimate the concentration in a reference room. The solvent-based wood stain was characterized by the highest Total VOCs emission level (5.7 mg/m3) that decreased over time more slowly than those related to water-based ones. The same finding was observed for the main detected compounds: Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, Xylenes, Styrene, alpha-Pinene and Camphene. On the other hand, the highest level of Limonene was emitted by a water-based wood stain. However, the concentration–time profile showed that water-based product was characterized by a remarkable reduction of the time of maximum and minimum emission: Limonene concentration reached the minimum concentration in about half the time compared to the solvent-based product. According to AgBB evaluation scheme, only one of the investigated water-based wood stains can be classified as a low-emitting product whose use may not determine any potential adverse effect on human health.