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Characteristics and reactivity of volatile organic compounds from non-coal emission sources in China

He, Qiusheng, Yan, Yulong, Li, Hongyan, Zhang, Yiqiang, Chen, Laiguo, Wang, Yuhang
Atmospheric environment 2015 v.115 pp. 153-162
BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene), acetone, alkanes, alkenes, atmospheric chemistry, benzene, chloroform, cooking, emissions, ethylbenzene, gas chromatography, gasoline, liquid petroleum gas, ozone, pollution, solvents, tetrachloroethylene, toluene, tracer techniques, volatile organic compounds, xylene, China
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were sampled from non-coal emission sources including fuel refueling, solvent use, industrial and commercial activities in China, and 62 target species were determined by gas chromatography-mass selective detector (GC-MSD). Based on the results, source profiles were developed and discussed from the aspects of composition characteristics, potential tracers, BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene) diagnostic ratios and chemical reactivity. Compared with vehicle exhausts and liquid fuels, the major components in refueling emissions of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), gasoline and diesel were alkenes and alkanes. Oppositely, aromatics were the most abundant group in emissions from auto-painting, book binding and plastic producing. Three groups contributed nearly equally in printing and commercial cooking emissions. Acetone in medical producing, chloroform and tetrachloroethylene in wet- and dry-cleaning, as well as TEX in plastic producing etc. were good tracers for the respective sources. BTEX ratios showed that some but not all VOCs sources could be distinguished by B/T, B/E and B/X ratios, while T/E, T/X and E/X ratios were not suitable as diagnostic indicators of different sources. The following reactivity analysis indicated that emissions from gasoline refueling, commercial cooking, auto painting and plastic producing had high atmospheric reactivity, and should be controlled emphatically to prevent ozone pollution, especially when there were large amounts of emissions for them.