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A method for segregating the optical absorption properties and the mass concentration of winter time urban aerosol

Author:
Ajtai, T., Utry, N., Pintér, M., Major, B., Bozóki, Z., Szabó, G.
Source:
Atmospheric environment 2015 v.122 pp. 313-320
ISSN:
1352-2310
Subject:
absorption, aerosols, atmospheric chemistry, burning, fossil fuels, particulates, spectrometers, temporal variation, traffic, wavelengths, winter, wood
Abstract:
A novel in-situ, real time method for the determination of inherent absorption properties of light absorbing carbonaceous particulate matter and its possible application for source apportionment are introduced here. The method is deduced from a two-week campaign under wintry urban conditions during which strong correlation was found between aerosol number size distribution and wavelength dependent optical absorption coefficient (AOC(λ)), measured by a Single Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS) and a multi-wavelength photoacoustic absorption spectrometer, respectively, while wood burning and traffic (i.e. fossil fuel burning) activity were identified to be the dominant sources of carbonaceous particulate. Indeed, during the whole campaign, regardless of the actual emission strength of the aerosol sources, the measured number size distributions were always dominated by two unimodal modes with Count Mean Diameter (CMD) of 20 and 100 nm, which could be correlated to traffic and wood burning activities, respectively. AAEff, AAEwb (i.e. the Aerosol Angström Exponent of traffic and wood burning aerosol, respectively), σff(266 nm), σff(1064 nm), σwb(266 nm) and σff(1064 nm) (i.e. the segregated mass specific optical absorption coefficients at two of the measurement wavelengths) were found to be 1.17 ± 0.18, 2.6 ± 0.14, 7.3 ± 0.3 m2g−1, 1.7 ± 0.1 m2g−1 3.4 ± 0.3 m2g−1 and 0.31 ± 0.08 m2g−1, respectively. Furthermore the introduced methodology can also disentangle and quantify the temporal variation of both the segregated optical absorptions and the segregated mass concentrations of traffic and wood burning aerosol. Accordingly, the contribution of wood burning to optical absorption of PM was found to be negligible at 1064 nm but increased gradually towards the shorter wavelengths and became commensurable with the optical absorption of traffic at 266 nm during the whole measurement period. Furthermore, the contribution of wood burning mass to CM (mass of carbonaceous particulate matter) was dominant regardless of the strength of the emission activity of traffic and wood burning during the whole measurement period.
Agid:
5473893