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An Author-Topic based Approach to Cluster Tweets and Mine their Location

Morchid, Mohamed, Portilla, Yonathan, Josselin, Didier, Dufour, Richard, Altman, Eitan, El-Beze, Marc, Cossu, Jean-Valère, Linarès, Georges, Reiffers-Masson, Alexandre
Procedia Environmental Sciences 2015 v.27 pp. 26-29
Internet, models, social networks, France
Social Networks became a major actor in information propagation. Using the Twitter popular platform, mobile users post or relay messages from different locations. The tweet content, meaning and location show how an event-such as the bursty one “JeSuisCharlie”’ happened in France in January 2015 is comprehended in different countries. This research aims at clustering the tweets according to the co-occurrence of their terms, including the country, and forecasting the probable country of a non located tweet, knowing its content. First, we present the process of collecting a large quantity of data from the Twitter website. We finally have a set of 2.189 located tweets about “Charlie”, from the 7th to the 14th of January. We describe an original method adapted from the Author-Topic (AT) model based on the Latent Dirichlet Allocation method (LDA). We define a homogeneous space containing both lexical content (words) and spatial information (country). During a training process on a part of the sample, we provide a set of clusters (topics) based on statistical relations between lexical and spatial terms. During a clustering task, we evaluate the method effectiveness on the rest of the sample that reaches up to 95% of good assignment.