Main content area

Assessing Economic Impacts of Climate Change and Adaptation in Indo-Gangetic Basin

Singh, Harbir, Subash, Nataraja, Gangwar, Babooji, Valdivia, Roberto, Antle, John, Baigorria, Guillermo
Procedia Environmental Sciences 2015 v.29 pp. 229-230
basins, climate, climate change, crop models, economic impact, farming systems, food security, grain crops, grain yield, land ownership, livelihood, livestock, per-capita income, production technology, rice, standard operating procedures, uncertainty, wheat, India
The Indo-Gangetic Basin (IGB) is characterised by cereal-based farming systems where livestock is an integral part of farm economy. Majority of the population derives their livelihood from agriculture sector which is dominated by small land holdings (<2ha). Cereal crops (mainly rice and wheat) are crucial to ensuring the food security in the region, but sustaining their productivity has become a major challenge due to climate variability and uncertainty. This paper uses an integrated climate-crop- economic modelling framework (using AgMIP protocols) to make an integrated assessment of climate change and adaptation strategy for rice-wheat growing farms of Meerut district (India) in the IGB. This framework enables integration of location- and farm-specific climate and crop modelling output for assessing economic impact on the farming systems using trade-off analysis (TOA-MD) model. The assessment clearly shows likely impact of climate change on agricultural production systems, and how adaptation strategies can reduce climate change vulnerabilities. Sensitivity analysis shows that under current production system, rice mean yield declines 8–23% while wheat yield declines by 17-29% under five climate scenarios. Though decline in mean net farm returns and per capita income appears small, a large proportion of farm population (53-79%) remains vulnerable to climate change. Assessment of future agricultural systems (2050s) shows that though the mean net farm returns and per capita income decline by 3–9% and 2–6%, respectively, under different climate scenarios, a large proportion of farms (39–64%) incur losses due to climate change. The adaptation strategy for existing farming system shows positive impacts on crop yield, farm returns and per capita income. However, a comprehensive assessment of more sites for climate change impacts on future agricultural production systems would be useful in devising appropriate adaptation strategy to improve the livelihoods and food security in the IGB region.