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Determination of Curcuminoids and Their Degradation Products in Turmeric (Curcuma longa) Rhizome Herbal Products by Non-aqueous Capillary Electrophoresis with Photodiode Array Detection

Anubala, S., Sekar, R., Nagaiah, K.
Food analytical methods 2016 v.9 no.9 pp. 2567-2578
1-propanol, Curcuma longa, capillary electrophoresis, curcumin, electrolytes, ferulic acid, high performance liquid chromatography, hydroxybenzaldehyde, methanol, milk, rhizomes, separation, silica gel, sodium, sodium hydroxide, thin layer chromatography, turmeric, vanillic acid, vanillin
Non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) method was optimised for simultaneous determination of major bioactive curcuminoids (CCD) viz., curcumin (CC), desmethoxycurcumin (DC) and bisdesmethoxycurcumin (BC), and some of the degradation products viz., vanillin (VN), vanillic acid (VA), ferulic acid (FA) and 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde (HB) in turmeric milk and herbal products. Separation was achieved using non-aqueous background electrolyte (NA-BGE), consisting of a mixture of sodium tetraborate, sodium hydroxide, methanol and 1-propanol in a single run by capillary electrophoresis (CE). In the present study, a novel ultrasonication-assisted phase separation method (US-PS) was used for extracting the analytes in turmeric milk and the extract was directly injected into the capillary without any pretreatment. High-performance thin layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method for the separation of the analytes was also evaluated on pre-coated silica gel plate. Two different high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) conditions were reported in the literature for the separation of above-mentioned target compounds. The proposed method NACE is simple, fast, convenient and economical.