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A CE‐LIF method based on long wavelength fluorescence labeling for the analysis of thiols in human urine

Duan, Ya‐Jun, Zhang, Li‐Yun, Guo, Xiao‐Feng, Wang, Hong
Electrophoresis 2016 v.37 no.14 pp. 2097-2105
acetonitrile, acetylcysteine, borates, cysteine, derivatization, detection limit, electrophoresis, fluorescence, fluorescent dyes, glutathione, homocysteine, humans, pH, penicillamine, phosphates, thiols, urine, wavelengths
A rapid and robust CE method using a long wavelength fluorescent reagent 1,7‐dimethyl‐3,5‐distyryl‐8‐phenyl‐(2‐maleimide)difluoroboradiaza‐s‐indacene as the labeling reagent has been developed for the simultaneous determination of thiols, including glutathione, cysteine, homocysteine, N‐acetylcysteine, cysteinylglycine, and penicillamine. The derivatization reaction was carried out in 14 mmol/L pH 8.5 borate buffer at 30°C for 6 min and the labeled thiols derivatives were separated with the running buffer containing 30 mmol/L pH 7.4 phosphate, 30% v/v acetonitrile and 8 mmol/L SDS within 12 min. Detection limits ranged from 0.4 to 2.4 nmol/L. To demonstrate the capability of this method, it was applied to the analysis of thiols in human urine with recoveries of 92.4–105.6%. The derivatization reaction was much faster at milder conditions, and the analysis was rapider. Moreover, with excitation wavelength at long wavelength region, background interference from samples was reduced effectively. The present method seems to be a potential choice for quantifying thiols in human urine.