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Air mass distribution and the heterogeneity of the climate change signal in the Hudson Bay/Foxe Basin region, Canada
- Leung, Andrew, Gough, William
- Theoretical and applied climatology 2016 v.125 no.3-4 pp. 583-592
- air, basins, global warming, greenhouse gases, radiative forcing, temperature, Canada, Hudson Bay
- The linkage between changes in air mass distribution and temperature trends from 1971 to 2010 is explored in the Hudson Bay/Foxe Basin region. Statistically significant temperature increases were found of varying spatial and temporal magnitude. Concurrent statistically significant changes in air mass frequency at the same locations were also detected, particularly in the declining frequency of dry polar (DP) air. These two sets of changes were found to be linked, and we thus conclude that the heterogeneity of the climatic warming signal in the region is at least partially the result of a fundamental shift in the concurrent air mass frequency in addition to global and regional changes in radiative forcing due to increases in long-lived greenhouse gases.