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RLIN1, encoding a putative coproporphyrinogen III oxidase, is involved in lesion initiation in rice

Sun, Changhui, Liu, Linchuan, Tang, Jiuyou, Lin, Aihong, Zhang, Fantao, Fang, Jun, Zhang, Genfa, Chu, Chengcai
Journal of genetics and genomics 2011 v.38 no.1 pp. 29-37
biosynthesis, exons, leaves, lesions (plant), missense mutation, molecular cloning, phenotype, reactive oxygen species, recessive genes, rice, screening, stems, transfer DNA
Lesion mimic is necrotic lesions on plant leaf or stem in the absence of pathogenic infection, and its exact biological mechanism is varied. By a large-scale screening of our T-DNA mutant population, we identified a mutant rice lesion initiation 1 (rlin1), which was controlled by a single nuclear recessive gene. Map-based cloning revealed that RLIN1 encoded a putative coproporphyrinogen III oxidase in tetrapyrrole biosynthesis pathway. Sequencing results showed that a G to T substitution occurred in the second exon of RLIN1 and led to a missense mutation from Asp to Tyr. Ectopic expression of RLIN1 could rescue rlin1 lesion mimic phenotype. Histochemical analysis demonstrated that lesion formation in rlin1 was light-dependent accompanied by reactive oxygen species accumulated. These results suggest that tetrapyrrole participates in lesion formation in rice.