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Identification and characterization of fungi associated with internal wood lesions and decline disease of willow and poplar trees in Iran

Hashemi, H., Mohammadi, H.
Forest pathology 2016 v.46 no.4 pp. 341-352
DNA, Diatrype, Diplodia, Fomes fomentarius, Lasiodiplodia theobromae, Neoscytalidium, Phaeoacremonium, agar, decayed wood, decline, defoliation, dieback, fungi, greenhouse production, hosts, malt extract, necrosis, nucleotide sequences, ornamental plants, pathogenicity, pathogens, sequence analysis, shoots, spring, streptomycin, sulfates, trees, woody plants, Iran
During the study of fungal trunk pathogens associated with urban trees decline in Shiraz (Iran), a serious decline of willow and poplar trees was observed. Therefore, an investigation was conducted on these trees in some areas of this city during spring and summer 2012 and 2013, to determine the main fungal trunk pathogens associated with these ornamental plants. Plant materials were collected from trees exhibiting disease symptoms such as yellowing, shoot canker, shoot dieback, defoliation and internal wood necrosis and decayed wood. Fungal isolations were made from discoloured or decayed wood tissue onto 2% malt extract agar (MEA) amended with streptomycin sulphate. Nine species, Fomes fomentarius, Diplodia seriata, Lasiodiplodia theobromae, Dothiorella sarmentorum, Neoscytalidium hyalinum, Diatrype whitmanensis, Phaeoacremonium rubrigenum, P. aleophilum and P. parasiticum, were identified based on morphology and DNA sequence comparisons. Pathogenicity tests were performed on detached shoots of willow and poplar trees under greenhouse conditions. Lasiodiplodia theobromae caused the longest lesions on willow. On poplar shoots, the longest lesions were caused by P. parasiticum. Diplodia seriata produced the smallest lesions on both woody hosts. First reports from willow wood include P. parasiticum, P. rubrigenum, D. whitmanensis, L. theobromae, D. seriata and N. hyalinum, while new reports from poplar wood include P. parasiticum and Do. sarmentorum. Based on our knowledge, this is also the first report of D. whitmanensis in Iran.