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Addition of Manas barley chromosome arms to the hexaploid wheat genome
- Türkösi, Edina, Cseh, András, Darkó, Éva, Molnár-Láng, Márta
- BMC genetics 2016 v.17 no.1 pp. 87
- DNA probes, amino acid composition, biotic stress, cultivars, early development, environmental factors, fluorescence in situ hybridization, gene pool, genes, heterologous gene expression, hexaploidy, hybrids, introgression, microsatellite repeats, salt stress, seeds, spring barley, stress response, stress tolerance, tillering, wheat, wide hybridization, winter barley, Hungary
- BACKGROUND: Cultivated barley belongs to the tertiary genepool of hexaploid wheat. Genes of interest can be transferred from barley into wheat through wide hybridization. The application of wheat-barley introgression lines could provide an excellent tool for the transfer of earliness, favourable amino acid composition, biotic stress resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, or good tillering ability into wheat. RESULTS: A set of 10 wheat-barley ditelosomic addition lines (2HS, 2HL, 3HS, 3HL, 4HS, 4HL, 6HS, 6HL, 7HS and 7HL) was developed from the progenies of an Asakaze/Manas wheat-barley hybrid produced in Martonvásár, Hungary. The addition lines were selected from self-fertilized plants of the BC₂F₂-BC₂F₄ generations using genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) and were identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with repetitive DNA probes [HvT01, (GAA)₇ and centromere-specific (AGGGAG)₄ probes]. The cytogenetic identification was confirmed using barley arm-specific SSR and STS markers. The ditelosomic additions were propagated in the phytotron and in the field, and morphological parameters (plant height, tillering, length of the main spike, number of seeds/spike and seeds/plant, and spike characteristics) were described. In addition, the salt stress response of the ditelosomic additions was determined. CONCLUSIONS: The six-rowed winter barley cultivar Manas is much better adapted to Central European environmental conditions than the two-rowed spring barley Betzes previously used in wheat-barley crosses. The production of wheat-barley ditelosomic addition lines has a wide range of applications both for breeding (transfer of useful genes to the recipient species) and for basic research (mapping of barley genes, genetic and evolutionary studies and heterologous expression of barley genes in the wheat background).