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Application of a library of near isogenic lines to understand context dependent expression of QTL for grain yield and adaptive traits in bread wheat

Farré, Alba, Sayers, Liz, Leverington-Waite, Michelle, Goram, Richard, Orford, Simon, Wingen, Luzie, Mumford, Cathy, Griffiths, Simon
BMC plant biology 2016 v.16 no.1 pp. 161
agronomic traits, alleles, backcrossing, doubled haploids, epistasis, genotype, grain yield, growing season, heading, isogenic lines, marker-assisted selection, molecular cloning, parents, quantitative trait loci, wheat
BACKGROUND: Previous quantitative trait loci (QTLs) studies using the Avalon × Cadenza doubled haploid (DH) population identified eleven QTLs determining plant height, heading date and grain yield. The objectives of this study were: (i) to provide insight into the effects of these QTLs using reciprocal multiple near isogenic lines (NILs) with each pair of alleles compared in both parental backgrounds (Avalon or Cadenza), (ii) quantifying epistasis by looking at the background effects and (iii) predict favourable allelic combinations to develop superior genotypes adapted to a target environment. RESULTS: To this aim, a library of 553 BC₂ NILs and their recurrent parents were tested over two growing seasons (2012/2013 and 2013/2014). The results obtained in the present study validated the plant height, heading date and grain yield QTLs previously identified. Epistatic interactions were detected for the 6B QTL for plant height and heading date, 3A QTL for heading date and grain yield and 2A QTL for grain yield. CONCLUSION: The marker assisted backcrossing strategy used provided an efficient method of resolving QTL for key agronomic traits in wheat as Mendelian factors determining possible epistatic interactions. The study shows that these QTLs are amenable to marker assisted selection, fine mapping, future positional cloning, and physiological trait dissection.