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A comparison of dilute aqueous p-toluenesulfonic and sulfuric acid pretreatments and saccharification of corn stover at moderate temperatures and pressures

Author:
Amarasekara, Ananda S., Wiredu, Bernard
Source:
Bioresource technology 2012 v.125 pp. 114-118
ISSN:
0960-8524
Subject:
aqueous solutions, biomass, catalysts, catalytic activity, corn stover, glucose, hydrophobicity, ions, reducing sugars, saccharification, sulfuric acid, temperature
Abstract:
Single step pretreatment–saccharification of corn stover was investigated in aqueous p-toluenesulfonic and sulfuric acid media. Dilute aqueous solution of p-toluenesulfonic acid was a better catalyst than aqueous sulfuric acid of the same H⁺ ion concentration for single step pretreatment–saccharification of corn stover at moderate temperatures and pressures. For example, 100mg corn stover heated at 150°C for 1h in 0.100M H⁺ aqueous sulfuric acid produced 64μmol of total reducing sugars (TRS), whereas the sample heated in 0.100M H⁺p-toluenesulfonic acid produced 165μmol of TRS under identical conditions. Glucose yield showed a similar trend, as aq. sulfuric acid and p-toluene sulfonic acid media produced 29 and 35μmol of glucose respectively after 2.5h. Higher catalytic activity of p-toluenesulfonic acid may be due to an interaction with biomass, supported by repulsion of hydrophobic tolyl group by the aqueous phase.
Agid:
548658