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First isolation and characterization of Brucella microti from wild boar

Author:
Rónai, Zsuzsanna, Kreizinger, Zsuzsa, Dán, Ádám, Drees, Kevin, Foster, Jeffrey T., Bányai, Krisztián, Marton, Szilvia, Szeredi, Levente, Jánosi, Szilárd, Gyuranecz, Miklós
Source:
BMC veterinary research 2015 v.11 no.1 pp. 147
ISSN:
1746-6148
Subject:
Brucella, Microtus arvalis, Ochrobactrum anthropi, Sus scrofa, agglutination, bacteria, boars, carbon dioxide, catalase, ecology, females, genetic databases, genetic similarity, genome, hosts, hunters, hydrogen sulfide, loci, lymph nodes, multiple-locus variable number tandem-repeat analysis, nucleotide sequences, pathogens, pigmentation, polymerase chain reaction, rodents, rooting, single nucleotide polymorphism, soil, urease, wild boars, zoonoses, Central European region, Czech Republic, Hungary
Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Brucella microti was first isolated from common vole (Microtus arvalis) in the Czech Republic in Central Europe in 2007. As B. microti is the only Brucella species known to live in soil, its distribution, ecology, zoonotic potential, and genomic organization is of particular interest. The present paper is the first to report the isolation of B. microti from a wild boar (Sus scrofa), which is also the first isolation of this bacterial species in Hungary. RESULTS: The B. microti isolate was cultured, after enrichment in Brucella-selective broth, from the submandibular lymph node of a female wild boar that was taken by hunters in Hungary near the Austrian border in September 2014. Histological and immunohistological examinations of the lymph node sections with B. abortus-, B. suis- and B. canis-specific sera gave negative results. The isolate did not require CO₂ for growth, was oxidase, catalase, and urease positive, H₂S negative, grew well in the presence of 20 μg/ml basic fuchsin and thionin, and had brownish pigmentation after three days of incubation. It gave strong positive agglutination with anti-A and anti-M but had a negative reaction with anti-R monospecific sera. The API 20 NE test identified it as Ochrobactrum anthropi with 99.9 % identity, and it showed B. microti-specific banding pattern in the Bruce- and Suis-ladder multiplex PCR systems. Whole genome re-sequencing identified 30 SNPs in orthologous loci when compared to the B. microti reference genome available in GenBank, and the MLVA analysis yielded a unique profile. CONCLUSIONS: Given that the female wild boar did not develop any clinical disease, we hypothesize that this host species only harboured the bacterium, serving as a possible reservoir capable of maintaining and spreading this pathogen. The infectious source could have been either a rodent, a carcass that had been eaten or infection occurred via the boar rooting in soil. The low number of discovered SNPs suggests an unexpectedly high level of genetic homogeneity in this Brucella species.
Agid:
5489305