Main content area

Cereal cyst nematode resistance gene CreV effective against Heterodera filipjevi transferred from chromosome 6VL of Dasypyrum villosum to bread wheat

Zhang, Ruiqi, Feng, Yigao, Li, Haifeng, Yuan, Hongxia, Dai, Junli, Cao, Aizhong, Xing, Liping, Li, Honglian
Molecular breeding 2016 v.36 no.9 pp. 122
Dasypyrum villosum, Heterodera filipjevi, Triticum aestivum, chromosome addition, chromosome mapping, chromosome translocation, chromosomes, crops, cyst nematodes, cytogenetic analysis, genes, genetic markers, germplasm, introgression, pest resistance, plant breeding, translocation lines, wheat, wild relatives
Cereal cyst nematodes (CCN) are a global economic problem for cereal production. Heterodera filipjevi is one of the most commonly identified and widespread CCN species found in many wheat production regions of the world. Transferring novel genes for resistance to H. filipjevi from wild relatives of wheat is a promising strategy for protection of wheat crops. A set of wheat–Dasypyrum villosum chromosome addition lines, T6V#4S·6AL translocation lines and their donor parental lines were tested for their response to the nematode. D. villosum and wheat–D. villosum disomic addition line DA6V#4 were resistant. As T6V#4S·6AL translocation lines were susceptible, resistance was presumed to be located on chromosome 6V#4L. The objective of this study was to produce and characterize wheat–6V#4L translocations and confirm the chromosome location of the resistance. Introgression lines T6V#4L·6AS, T6V#4L-4BL·4BS and DT6V#4L were developed and subjected to molecular cytogenetic analysis. These and four additional wheat–6V#4 introgression lines were tested for response to H. filipjevi in the greenhouse. The results indicated that introgression lines DA6V#4, T6V#4L·6AS, T6V#4L-4BL·4BS, T6V#4L·6V#4S-7BS and DT6VL#4 had higher levels of H. filipjevi resistance than their recurrent parent. However, Del6V#4L-1 and translocation line T6V#4S·6AL were equally susceptible to wheat cv. Chinese Spring. The CCN resistance gene, temporarily named CreV, was therefore physically mapped to chromosome arm 6V#4L FL 0.80–1.00. Translocation chromosomes T6V#4L·6AS transferred to a modern wheat cv. Aikang 58 with its co-dominant molecular markers could be utilized as a novel germplasm for CCN resistance breeding in wheat.