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Comparative Pathogenicity and Virulence of Fusarium Species on Sugar Beet

Burlakoti, Pragyan, Rivera, V., Secor, G. A., Qi, A., Rio-Mendoza, L. E. Del, Khan, Mohamed F. R.
Plant disease 2012 v.96 no.9 pp. 1291-1296
Fusarium oxysporum, chlorosis, cultivars, discoloration, field experimentation, greenhouses, inoculation methods, leaves, necrosis, screening, sugar beet, virulence, wilting, Minnesota, North Dakota
In all, 98 isolates of three Fusarium spp. (18 Fusarium oxysporum, 30 F. graminearum, and 50 Fusarium sp. nov.) obtained from sugar beet in Minnesota were characterized for pathogenicity and virulence on sugar beet in the greenhouse by a bare-root inoculation method. Among the 98 isolates tested, 80% of isolates were pathogenic: 83% of the F. oxysporum isolates, 57% of the F. graminearum isolates, and 92% of the Fusarium sp. nov. isolates. Symptoms varied from slight to moderate wilting of the foliage, interveinal chlorosis and necrosis, and vascular discoloration of the taproot without any external root symptoms. Among the pathogenic isolates, 14% were highly virulent and 12% were moderately virulent. Most of the highly virulent isolates (91%) and moderately virulent isolates (89%) were Fusarium sp. nov. All pathogenic isolates of F. graminearum and most pathogenic isolates (87%) of F. oxysporum were less virulent. In general, more-virulent isolates induced first foliar symptoms earlier compared with less-virulent isolates. This study indicates that both F. oxysporum and Fusarium sp. nov. should be used in greenhouse and be present in field studies used for screening and developing sugar beet cultivars resistant to Fusarium yellows complex for Minnesota and North Dakota.