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Interaction Between Cadmium Stress and Sulphur Nutrition Level on Macronutrient Status of Sinapis alba L.

Matraszek, Renata, Hawrylak-Nowak, Barbara, Chwil, Stanisław, Chwil, Mirosława
Water, air, and soil pollution 2016 v.227 no.9 pp. 355
Sinapis alba subsp. alba, aerial parts, bioaccumulation, cadmium, calcium, magnesium, nitrogen content, nutrient solutions, roots, shoots, sulfur
This study evaluated the possibility of improving the macronutrient status of Cd-stressed white mustard ‘Rota’ using intensive S nutrition. Three S-SO₄ (2, 6, 9 mM S) and four CdCl₂ doses (0, 0.0002, 0.02, 0.04 mM Cd) in the Hoagland’s nutrient solution were conducted for 14 days. High S supply (6 or 9 mM) appears, to some extent, to affect positively the macronutrient status of Cd-stressed mustard. It increased roots and shoots contents of K and S, without significant changes in P content. Simultaneously, Mg content in shoots and roots remained stable, but Mg bioaccumulation was elevated. Shoot Ca content at the lowest and medium Cd dose decreased, whilst was unaffected at the highest Cd treatment. Intensive S nutrition of Cd-stressed mustard increased root N content and accumulation at the highest Cd concentration, but the N content dropped in above-ground parts. The bioaccumulation of remained macronutrients in general was substantially elevated together with enhanced Cd accumulation. Thus, the intensive S nutrition can enhance mustard tolerance to Cd stress by improvement macronutrients relations in plants, and S supplementation may be recommended for mustard cultivation on the Cd-contaminated areas.