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Source identification and risk assessment of heavy metal contaminations in urban soils of Changsha, a mine-impacted city in Southern China

Ma, Li, Yang, Zhaoguang, Li, Lei, Wang, Lin
Environmental science and pollution research international 2016 v.23 no.17 pp. 17058-17066
arsenic, cadmium, cluster analysis, coal, cobalt, combustion, copper, emissions, geostatistics, heavy metals, industrialization, lead, manganese, mining, nickel, pollution, principal component analysis, risk, risk assessment, soil sampling, traffic, urban areas, urban soils, urbanization, waste incineration, zinc, China
The urban soils suffered seriously from heavy metal pollutions with rapid industrialization and urbanization in China. In this study, 54 urban soil samples were collected from Changsha, a mine-impacted city located in Southern China. The concentrations of heavy metals (As, Cd, Co, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn) were determined by ICP-MS. The pollution sources of heavy metals were discriminated and identified by the combination of multivariate statistical and geostatistical methods. Four main sources were identified according to the results of hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), principal component analysis (PCA), and spatial distribution patterns. Co and Mn were primarily derived from soil parent material. Cu, Pb, and Zn with significant positive relationships were associated with mining activities and traffic emissions. Cd and Ni might be affected by commercial activities and industrial discharges. As isolated into a single group was considered to have correlation with coal combustion and waste incineration. Risk assessment of heavy metals in urban soils indicated an overall moderate potential ecological risk in the urban region of Changsha.