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Preparation and Characterization of Microemulsions of Myricetin for Improving Its Antiproliferative and Antioxidative Activities and Oral Bioavailability

Guo, Rui Xue, Fu, Xiong, Chen, Jian, Zhou, Lin, Chen, Gu
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2016 v.64 no.32 pp. 6286-6294
antioxidant activity, bioavailability, cosmetics, functional foods, human cell lines, humans, myricetin, neoplasms, oral administration, polysorbates, rats, solubility, surfactants
To improve the bioactivity and oral bioavailability of myricetin, a microemulsion formulation was successfully developed, which consisted of Cremophor RH40 (12%), Tween 80 (6%), Transcutol HP (9%), WL 1349 (18%), and distilled water (55%). With lower content of surfactants and higher stability after dilution and storage for 6 months, the optimized myricetin microemulsion (MYR-ME) could dramatically enhance the solubility of myricetin 1225 times that in water. MYR-ME significantly increased antiproliferative activity against human cancer cell HepG2 without influence on normal cell LO2. It also notably improved the cellular antioxidative activity of myricetin. Furthermore, the oral bioavailability of myricetin was remarkably enhanced by MYR-ME in Sprague–Dawley rats after oral administration, which was 14.43-fold that with myricetin suspension. Therefore, the MYR-ME developed here could be used as a potential carrier for myricetin with substantially enhanced bioactivities and bioavailability and might promote myricetin’s future utilization in functional foods and cosmetics.