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Probiotic characteristics of Bacillus strains isolated from Korean traditional soy sauce

Lee, Sangki, Lee, Joongjae, Jin, Yong-Ik, Jeong, Jin-Cheol, Chang, Yoon Hyuk, Lee, Youngseung, Jeong, Yoonhwa, Kim, Misook
Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + [i.e. und] Technologie 2017 v.79 pp. 518-524
Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, anti-infective properties, antibiotic resistance, antibiotics, bile salts, blood, carbohydrates, enzyme activity, feeds, food industry, food pathogens, gastrointestinal system, growth retardation, humans, pH, pepsin, probiotics, sheep, soy sauce, starter cultures, survival rate
The objective of this work was to isolate Bacillus strains from Korean traditional soy sauces, and evaluate them for probiotic potential and safety. Three Bacillus strains, MKSK-E1, MKSK-J1 and MKSK-M1, were selected which were highly resistant to simulated gastrointestinal tract conditions, and showed antimicrobial activity against Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. MKSK-M1 possessed the highest relative survival rate, with 96.0% survival in 0.1% pepsin solution (pH 2.0) and 99.3% survival in 3% bile salt solution for 3 h. All three strains exhibited amylase and protease activity, and utilized more than 19 carbohydrates among 49 tested carbohydrates. MKSK-E1 inhibited the growth of 11 of 13 tested foodborne pathogens. All three selected strains possessed strong antimicrobial activity against E. coli and B. cereus. They had antibiotic susceptibility against 8 tested antibiotics. Also, all strains were non-hemolytic on sheep blood, and non-biogenic amine producers. The results of this work indicate that MKSK-E1, J1 and M1 could be used as probiotic cultures for human consumption and animal feeds and as probiotic starter cultures in food industries.