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Crystallite orientation maps in starch granules from polarized Raman spectroscopy (PRS) data

Author:
Galvis, Leonardo, Bertinetto, Carlo G., Putaux, Jean-Luc, Montesanti, Nicole, Vuorinen, Tapani
Source:
Carbohydrate polymers 2016 v.154 pp. 70-76
ISSN:
0144-8617
Subject:
Raman spectroscopy, amylose, crystallites, starch granules
Abstract:
In this work, polarized Raman spectroscopy (PRS) was used to determine orientation maps of crystallites present in Phajus grandifolius starch granules based on the anisotropic response of the glycosidic Raman band at 865cm−1. The response of this band was preliminarily evaluated using model A-amylose crystals as standard. The A‐amylose crystals oriented “in plane” showed a maximal intensity ratio of ∼3.0 for bands 865/1343cm−1 when the polarization of the laser was along the chain axis of the crystal, i.e., parallel to the axis of the amylose double helices, and a minimal intensity ratio of ∼0.25 when perpendicular. The orientation maps of Phajus grandifolius starch granules showed two distinct regions: one isotropic and the other with a highly anisotropic response. The origin of the difference might be changes in both organization/concentration and orientation of the crystallites across the starch granules.
Agid:
5495679