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Characteristics and potential values of bio-oil, syngas and biochar derived from Salsola collina Pall. in a fixed bed slow pyrolysis system

Yue, Yan, Lin, Qimei, Irfan, Muhammad, Chen, Qun, Zhao, Xiaorong
Bioresource technology 2016 v.220 pp. 378-383
Salsola, biochar, biofuels, cation exchange capacity, halophytes, potassium, pyrolysis, sodium, soil conditioners, synthesis gas, temperature
Salsola collina Pall. as a typical euhalophyte was slowly pyrolyzed at 300°C, 500°C and 700°C in a fixed-bed system. The physiochemical properties of syngas, bio-oil and biochar were assayed to understand the impact of pyrolysis temperature on these parameters and then to evaluate their potential values. The results showed that syngas yield (26.07–46.37%) increased with pyrolysis temperature, while biochar yield (47.54–26.83%) decreased. Bio-oil yield (26–30%) was hardly affected by pyrolysis temperature. Both syngas and bio-oil had poor values as direct fuel. The euhalophyte-derived biochar had higher aromaticity (H/C 0.16–0.85, O/C 0.06–0.26), higher cation exchange capacity (198.82–435.74cmolkg−1), and higher K+ (59.35–80.42gkg−1) and Na+ (37.56–53.26gkg−1) compared with glycophyte-derived biochars. Our findings imply that halophyte biochar may be more suitable to use as a soil conditioner, which is worthy of further study.