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Lignans from the Australian Endemic Plant Austrobaileya scandens

Tran, Trong D., Pham, Ngoc B., Booth, Ron, Forster, Paul I., Quinn, Ronald J.
Journal of natural products 2016 v.79 no.6 pp. 1514-1523
Austrobaileyaceae, apoptosis, cell cycle, circular dichroism spectroscopy, humans, indigenous species, inhibitory concentration 50, lignans, plants (botany), prostatic neoplasms, spectral analysis, tropical rain forests, Queensland
The sole species of the vascular plant family Austrobaileyaceae, Austrobaileya scandens, is endemic to the tropical rainforest of northeastern Queensland, Australia. A single lead-like enhanced fraction of A. scandens showed potent inhibition against human prostate cancer PC3 cells. Chemical investigation of this plant resulted in the isolation of two new aryltetralin lignans, austrobailignans 8 and 9 (1 and 2), and the synthetic compound nicotlactone B (3), newly identified as a natural product together with nine known lignans (4–12). Their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic analyses. Absolute configurations of the new compounds were determined by quantum chemical electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations employing time-dependent density functional theory. The ECD calculations were also used to assign the absolute configuration of marphenol K (4) and revise the absolute configuration of kadsurindutin C (20). Ten out of the 12 isolated compounds inhibited the growth of PC3 cells with IC₅₀ values ranging from micromolar to nanomolar. Marphenol A (5) was found for the first time to induce apoptosis and arrest the S cell cycle phase of PC3 cells.