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D-π-A-A-π-D Prototype 2,2′-Bipyridine Dyads Exhibiting Large Structure and Environment-Sensitive Fluorescence: Synthesis, Photophysics, and Computation

Sarma, Monima, Chatterjee, Tanmay, Ghanta, Susanta, Das, Samar K.
Journal of organic chemistry 2012 v.77 no.1 pp. 432-444
chemical reactions, chemical structure, fluorescence, fluorescent substances, optical properties, organic chemistry, organic compounds, prototypes, solvents, thermal properties
A series of 4,4′-π-conjugated-2,2′-bipyridine chromophores (MS 1–8) were synthesized, and their photophysical and thermal properties were investigated. The title “push–pull’ chromophores”, except MS 1, were integrated with both alkoxy and alkylamino donor functionalities that differ in their donation capabilities. The oligophenylenevinylene (OPV) chromophores MS 4–8 are associated with a π-extended backbone in which the position and the number of alkoxy donors were systematically varied. All of the studied systems possess a D-π-A-A-π-D dyad archetype in which the A-A is the central 2,2′-bipyridine acceptor core that is electronically attached with the donor termini through π-linkers. The fluorescence quantum yields of the synthesized chromophores are found to be sensitive to the molecular archetype and the solvent medium. Out of the eight fluorescent compounds reported in this article, the compound MS 5 exhibits fluorescence in the solid state also. The modulating effect of the nature, position, and number of donor functionalities on the optical properties of these classes of compounds has further been comprehended on the basis of DFT and TD-DFT computation in a solvent reaction field.