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Domino Reaction of Arylglyoxals with Pyrazol-5-amines: Selective Access to Pyrazolo-Fused 1,7-Naphthyridines, 1,3-Diazocanes, and Pyrroles
- Jiang, Bo, Fan, Wei, Sun, Mu-Yan, Ye, Qin, Wang, Shu-Liang, Tu, Shu-Jiang, Li, Guigen
- Journal of organic chemistry 2014 v.79 no.11 pp. 5258-5268
- Lewis acids, chemical reactions, chemical structure, organic chemistry, pyrazoles, pyrroles, regioselectivity
- New multicomponent domino reactions of arylglyoxals with pyrazol-5-amines have been established, providing selective access to unprecedented pyrazolo-fused 1,7-naphthyridines, 1,3-diazocanes, and pyrroles (up to 52 examples). The unreported dipyrazolo-fused 1,7-naphthyridines were regioselectively synthesized through a special double [3 + 2 + 1] heteroannulation accompanied by direct C–C formation between two electrophilic sites of arylglyoxals. The unusual [3 + 3 + 1 + 1] cyclization resulted in 20 examples of novel dipyrazolo-fused 1,3-diazocanes, whereas pyrrolo[2,3-c]pyrazoles were obtained in good yields by varying arylglyoxals 1 and pyrazol-5-amines 2 in the ratio 1:2. Mechanisms of formation of these three new types of heterocycles are also proposed.