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Molecularly imprinted polymer nanoparticles-based electrochemical sensor for determination of diazinon pesticide in well water and apple fruit samples

Motaharian, Ali, Motaharian, Fatemeh, Abnous, Khalil, Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Milani, Hassanzadeh-Khayyat, Mohammad
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry 2016 v.408 no.24 pp. 6769-6779
adsorption, apples, carbon, detection limit, diazinon, electrochemistry, electrodes, molecular imprinting, nanoparticles, polymerization, polymers
In this research, an electrochemical sensor based on molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) nanoparticles for selective and sensitive determination of diazinon (DZN) pesticides was developed. The nanoparticles of diazinon imprinted polymer were synthesized by suspension polymerization and then used for modification of carbon paste electrode (CPE) composition in order to prepare the sensor. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and square wave voltammetry (SWV) methods were applied for electrochemical measurements. The obtained results showed that the carbon paste electrode modified by MIP nanoparticles (nano-MIP-CP) has much higher adsorption ability for diazinon than the CPE based non-imprinted polymer nanoparticles (nano-NIP-CP). Under optimized extraction and analysis conditions, the proposed sensor exhibited excellent sensitivity (95.08 μA L μmol⁻¹⁾ for diazinon with two linear ranges of 2.5 × 10⁻⁹ to 1.0 × 10⁻⁷ mol L⁻¹ (R ² = 0.9971) and 1.0 × 10⁻⁷ to 2.0 × 10⁻⁶ mol L⁻¹ (R ² = 0.9832) and also a detection limit of 7.9 × 10⁻¹⁰ mol.L⁻¹. The sensor was successfully applied for determination of diaznon in well water and apple fruit samples with recovery values in the range of 92.53–100.86 %. Graphical abstract Procedure for preparation of electrochemical sensor based on MIP nanoparticles for determination of diazinon