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Derivatization coupled to headspace programmed‐temperature vaporizer gas chromatography with mass spectrometry for the determination of amino acids: Application to urine samples
- González Paredes, Rosa María, García Pinto, Carmelo, Pérez Pavón, José Luis, Moreno Cordero, Bernardo
- Journal of separation science 2016 v.39 no.17 pp. 3375-3383
- alanine, derivatization, detection limit, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, headspace analysis, humans, leucine, proline, urine, valine
- A new method based on headspace programmed‐temperature vaporizer gas chromatography with mass spectrometry has been developed and validated for the determination of amino acids (alanine, sarcosine, ethylglycine, valine, leucine, and proline) in human urine samples. Derivatization with ethyl chloroformate was employed successfully to determine the amino acids. The derivatization reaction conditions as well as the variables of the headspace sampling were optimized. The existence of a matrix effect was checked and the analytical characteristics of the method were determined. The limits of detection were 0.15–2.89 mg/L, and the limits of quantification were 0.46–8.67 mg/L. The instrumental repeatability was 1.6–11.5%. The quantification of the amino acids in six urine samples from healthy subjects was performed with the method developed with the one‐point standard additions protocol, with norleucine as the internal standard.