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Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents (2016): comments and comparisons
- Wang, Shan-shan, Lay, Sovichea, Yu, Hai-ning, Shen, Sheng-rong
- Journal of Zhejiang University 2016 v.17 no.9 pp. 649-656
- Dietary Guidelines, cardiovascular diseases, chronic diseases, cohort studies, deficiency diseases, diabetes, energy, food intake, guidelines, health promotion, lifestyle, models, mortality, neoplasms, nutrients, nutritional adequacy, obesity, people, physical activity, risk, risk reduction, China, United States
- A high quality diet is believed to play a functional role in promoting the healthy growth of mankind and preventing many kinds of chronic degenerative diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity. Adherence to a high quality diet has been strongly associated with a lower risk of mortality. To help promote healthy lifestyles and physical strength, the Chinese government has produced a new revised version of the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents (2016) and the Chinese Food Pagoda, as guidance for dietary intake among its population. Similarly, the Japanese government has produced the Japanese Food Guide Spinning Top Model, and the US government has recently published revised dietary recommendations in its 2015–2020 eighth edition of Dietary Guidelines for Americans. The evidence from all respective cohort studies involved in producing these guidelines shows a reduced risk of many chronic diseases and mortality if the guidelines are followed. All scientific findings support encouraging the general population to consume a broad variety of food on the basis of nutrient and food intakes in order to prevent deficiency diseases and a surplus of energy and nutrients, and recommend daily physical activity for health promotion.