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Enantioselective pharmacokinetics of ketoprofen in piglets: the significance of neonatal age

Author:
FOSSE, T.K., HORSBERG, T.E., HAGA, H.A., HORMAZABAL, V., RANHEIM, B.
Source:
Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics 2011 v.34 no.2 pp. 153-159
ISSN:
0140-7783
Subject:
half life, intravenous injection, ketoprofen, pharmacokinetics, piglets
Abstract:
Fosse, T.K., Horsberg, T.E., Haga, H.A., Hormazabal, V., Ranheim, B. Enantioselective pharmacokinetics of ketoprofen in piglets: the significance of neonatal age. J. vet. Pharmacol. Therap.34, 153-159. Following intravenous dose of 6 mg/kg racemic ketoprofen, the chiral pharmacokinetics of ketoprofen was investigated in eight piglets aged 6 and 21 days old. S-ketoprofen predominated over R-ketoprofen in plasma of the piglets in both age groups. The volumes of distribution of S-ketoprofen for the 6- and 21-day-old piglets were 241.7 (211.3-276.5) mL/kg and 155.0 (138.7-173.1) mL/kg, respectively, while the corresponding parameters for R-ketoprofen were 289.2 (250.3-334.2) mL/kg and 193.0 (168.7-220.8) mL/kg. The clearances of R-ketoprofen [948.4 (768.0-1171.2) mL/h/kg and 425 (319.1-566.0) mL/h/kg for the 6- and 21-day-old piglets, respectively] were significantly higher compared to the clearances of S-ketoprofen [57.3 (46.6-70.4) mL/h/kg and 33.8 (27.0-42.2) mL/h/kg for 6- and 21-day-old piglets, respectively]. The elimination half-life of S-ketoprofen was 3.4 h for both age groups, while the elimination half-life of R-ketoprofen was 0.2 h for the 6-day-old and 0.4 h for the 21-day-old piglets. The clearances of both R- and S-ketoprofen were significantly higher in the 6-day-old piglets compared to when they were 21 days old. Furthermore, the volumes of distribution were larger in the youngest age group.
Agid:
550326