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Plant hormones: a fungal point of view

Chanclud, Emilie, Morel, Jean‐Benoit
Molecular plant pathology 2016 v.17 no.8 pp. 1289-1297
abscisic acid, auxins, cytokinins, ecological invasion, ethylene production, fungi, gibberellic acid, hormones, mechanism of action, nutrient uptake, plant tissues, virulence
Most classical plant hormones are also produced by pathogenic and symbiotic fungi. The way in which these molecules favour the invasion of plant tissues and the development of fungi inside plant tissues is still largely unknown. In this review, we examine the different roles of such hormone production by pathogenic fungi. Converging evidence suggests that these fungal‐derived molecules have potentially two modes of action: (i) they may perturb plant processes, either positively or negatively, to favour invasion and nutrient uptake; and (ii) they may also act as signals for the fungi themselves to engage appropriate developmental and physiological processes adapted to their environment. Indirect evidence suggests that abscisic acid, gibberellic acid and ethylene produced by fungi participate in pathogenicity. There is now evidence that auxin and cytokinins could be positive regulators required for virulence. Further research should establish whether or not fungal‐derived hormones act like other fungal effectors.