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Geographical and Temporal Dissemination of Salmonellae Isolated from Domestic Animal Hosts in the Culiacan Valley, Mexico

Jiménez, Maribel, Martínez-Urtaza, Jaime, Chaidez, Cristobal
Microbial ecology 2011 v.61 no.4 pp. 811-820
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Agona, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Give, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Minnesota, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Newport, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Oranienburg, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Saintpaul, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Weltevreden, ampicillin, bacteria, chickens, cows, disease prevalence, feces, genetic variation, hosts, immunity, population distribution, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, serotypes, sheep, valleys, Mexico
The prevalence and diversity of salmonellae from domestic animal hosts were investigated in the Culiacan Valley, Mexico. A total of 240 farm animal feces (cows, chicken, and sheep) were evaluated for Salmonella spp. presence from July 2008 to June 2009. Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica strains were isolated from 76 samples (31.7%), and 20 serotypes were identified being Salmonella Oranienburg (25%), Salmonella Give (14%), Salmonella Saintpaul (12%), and Salmonella Minnesota (11%) the most frequent isolates. Twenty-four percent (18/76) of the isolates were resistant to ampicillin. Salmonella Oranienburg, Salmonella Minnesota, Salmonella Give, Salmonella Agona, Salmonella Weltevreden, and Salmonella Newport serotypes showed multiple pulsed-field electrophoresis patterns. Salmonella Oranienburg was the dominant serotype in the Culiacan Valley; however, no specific distribution patterns were detected in animal sources or sampling sites. The genetic diversity of salmonellae could be an evidence of the continuous animal exposition to the bacteria. Also, Salmonella adaptation in asymptomatic animals could be justified by the development of natural host immunity. This study provides novel information about Salmonella population distribution in domestic animals living at tropical areas. The presence of asymptomatic carriers may be critical to understand the routes of transmission of Salmonella in areas of high disease prevalence.