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Ambient Gas-Particle Partitioning of Tracers for Biogenic Oxidation

Isaacman-VanWertz, Gabriel, Yee, Lindsay D., Kreisberg, Nathan M., Wernis, Rebecca, Moss, Joshua A., Hering, Susanne V., de Sá, Suzane S., Martin, Scot T., Alexander, M. Lizabeth, Palm, Brett B., Hu, Weiwei, Campuzano-Jost, Pedro, Day, Douglas A., Jimenez, Jose L., Riva, Matthieu, Surratt, Jason D., Viegas, Juarez, Manzi, Antonio, Edgerton, Eric, Baumann, Karsten, Souza, Rodrigo, Artaxo, Paulo, Goldstein, Allen H.
Environmental Science & Technology 2016 v.50 no.18 pp. 9952-9962
environmental factors, gases, isoprene, models, oxidation, polyols, temperature, tracer techniques, Amazonia, Southeastern United States
Exchange of atmospheric organic compounds between gas and particle phases is important in the production and chemistry of particle-phase mass but is poorly understood due to a lack of simultaneous measurements in both phases of individual compounds. Measurements of particle- and gas-phase organic compounds are reported here for the southeastern United States and central Amazonia. Polyols formed from isoprene oxidation contribute 8% and 15% on average to particle-phase organic mass at these sites but are also observed to have substantial gas-phase concentrations contrary to many models that treat these compounds as nonvolatile. The results of the present study show that the gas-particle partitioning of approximately 100 known and newly observed oxidation products is not well explained by environmental factors (e.g., temperature). Compounds having high vapor pressures have higher particle fractions than expected from absorptive equilibrium partitioning models. These observations support the conclusion that many commonly measured biogenic oxidation products may be bound in low-volatility mass (e.g., accretion products, inorganic–organic adducts) that decomposes to individual compounds on analysis. However, the nature and extent of any such bonding remains uncertain. Similar conclusions are reach for both study locations, and average particle fractions for a given compound are consistent within ∼25% across measurement sites.