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Ovariectomy does not exacerbate the negative effects of sleep deprivation on synaptic plasticity in rats

Hajali, Vahid, Sheibani, Vahid, Mahani, Saeed E., Hajializadeh, Zahra, Shabani, Mohammad, Aliabadi, Hamzeh P., Saadati, Hakimeh, Esmaeilpour, Khadijeh
Physiology & behavior 2015 v.144 pp. 73-81
Western blotting, adverse effects, central nervous system diseases, cognition, corticosterone, females, genes, hippocampus, males, memory, neuroplasticity, ovariectomy, polymerase chain reaction, protein synthesis, rats, sex hormones, sleep deprivation, steroid hormones
In our previous work, we found that female rats showed more cognitive impairment than male rats following 72h sleep deprivation (SD). Here, we compared the intact female with ovariectomized (OVX) rats to assess the potential modulatory effects of endogenous female sex hormones against the 48h SD-induced cognitive and synaptic modulations. The multiple platform method was applied for SD induction and spatial performances were determined using Morris water maze (MWM) task. Early longterm potentiation (E-LTP) was evaluated in area CA1 of the hippocampus and PCR and western blotting assays were employed to assess hippocampal BDNF gene and protein expression. To reveal any influence of sleep loss on stress level, we also measured the plasma corticosterone levels of animals. Regardless of reproductive status, SD significantly impaired short-term memory and LTP, but did not significantly change the BDNF expression in the hippocampus. The corticosterone levels were decreased in both intact and OVX female rats following SD. These findings suggest that depletion of female sex steroid hormones does not lead to any heightened responsivity of female animals to the negative effects of SD on cognitive and synaptic functions.