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Amino acid specificity of fibers of the facial/trigeminal complex innervating the maxillary barbel in the Japanese sea catfish, Plotosus japonicus

Caprio, John, Shimohara, Mami, Marui, Takayuki, Kohbara, Jun, Harada, Shuitsu, Kiyohara, Sadao
Physiology & behavior 2015 v.152 pp. 288-294
Ariopsis, Plotosus, alanine, betaine, catfish, chemoreceptors, pH, proline, seawater, taste
The Japanese sea catfish, Plotosus japonicus, possesses taste and solitary chemoreceptor cells (SCCs) located on the external body surface that detect specific water-soluble substances. Here, we identify two major fiber types of the facial/trigeminal complex that transmit amino acid information to the medulla. Both single and few fiber preparations respond to amino acid stimulation in the 0.1μM to mM range. One fiber type responds best to glycine and l-alanine (i.e. Gly/Ala fibers) whereas the other fiber type is best stimulated by l-proline and glycine betaine (hereafter referred to only as betaine) (i.e. Pro/Bet fibers). We demonstrate that betaine, which does not alter the pH of the seawater and therefore does not activate the animals' highly sensitive pH sensors (Caprio et al., Science 344:1154–1156, 2014), is sufficient to elicit appetitive food search behavior. We further show that the amino acid specificity of fibers of the facial/trigeminal complex in P. japonicus is different from that in Ariopsis felis (Michel and Caprio, J. Neurophysiol. 66:247–260, 1991; Michel et al., J. Comp. Physiol. A. 172:129–138, 1993), a representative member of the only other family (Ariidae) of extant marine catfishes.