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Biosorption of nickel(II) ions by baker's yeast: Kinetic, thermodynamic and desorption studies

Padmavathy, V.
Bioresource technology 2008 v.99 no.8 pp. 3100-3109
bakers yeast, ion transport, models, activation energy, pH, nickel, temperature, biomass, metal ions, desorption, adsorption
In this study, the biosorption of nickel(II) ion on deactivated protonated yeast was investigated as a function of temperature at different initial metal ion concentrations. The effect of temperature on the sorption was more significant at lower nickel(II) ion concentrations compared to higher concentrations. The protonated yeast biomass exhibited the highest nickel(II) ion uptake capacity at 27°C at an initial nickel(II) ion concentration of 400mg/l and an initial pH of 6.75. The biosorption capacity decreased from 9.8 to 9.3mg/g at an initial nickel(II) ion concentration of 400mg/l, while at a lower initial concentration of 100mg/l, it decreased from 8.2 to 4.9mg/g, as the temperature was increased from 27°C to 60°C. The equilibrium data fit better to the Freundlich and Redlich-Peterson isotherm models compared to the Langmuir model in the concentration range studied (10-400mg/l). Kinetic models applied to the sorption data at different temperatures showed that nickel(II) ion uptake process followed the pseudo-second order rate model and the adsorption rate constants decreased with increasing temperature. The activation energy of biosorption (E a) was determined to be -13.3kJ/mol using the pseudo-second order rate constants. The results indicated that the biosorption of nickel(II) ion on to baker's yeast was spontaneous and exothermic in nature. Desorption studies revealed that the protonated yeast biomass can be regenerated using 0.1N HCl and reused.