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Cytotoxicity of curcumin silica nanoparticle complexes conjugated with hyaluronic acid on colon cancer cells
- Singh, Surya Prakash, Sharma, Mrinalini, Gupta, Pradeep Kumar
- International journal of biological macromolecules 2015 v.74 pp. 162-170
- colorectal neoplasms, curcumin, cytotoxicity, endocytosis, fluorescence, humans, hyaluronic acid, hyaluronoglucosaminidase, nanoparticles, neoplasm cells, silica, zeta potential
- We report results of our investigations on the cytotoxic efficacy of Organically modified silica nanoparticle (SiNp)-curcumin complex conjugated with hyaluronic acid (HA) (HA-SiNp-cur) and HA free SiNp-cur complex in human colon carcinoma (colo-205) cells. Curcumin was loaded in SiNp and resulting complexes were conjugated with HA, which has a strong affinity for cancer cells expressing CD44. After conjugation with HA, the average size of the SiNp-cur nanoparticles increased from 45nm to 70nm, and zeta potential changed to −33mV from −26mV. Compared to free curcumin and SiNp-cur, curcumin in HA-SiNp was more stable. The uptake and cytotoxicity of curcumin delivered through HA-SiNp-cur was significantly higher in monolayer and spheroids as compared to free curcumin and HA free SiNp-cur. Concomitantly, HA-SiNp-cur complex treatment resulted in higher inhibition of growth and migration of cells in spheroids. Further, incubation of colo-205 cancer cells with an excess of HA impaired the uptake of HA-SiNp-cur confirming the involvement of receptor mediated endocytosis in the uptake of HA conjugated nanocomplex. Time dependent increase in the fluorescence of curcumin observed in the release media when HA-SiNp-cur was incubated with hyaluronidase suggests involvement of enzyme in release of curcumin from nanoparticle.