Main content area

Binding interaction between rice glutelin and amylose: Hydrophobic interaction and conformational changes

Xu, Xingfeng, Liu, Wei, Zhong, Junzhen, Luo, Liping, Liu, Chengmei, Luo, Shunjing, Chen, Lin
International journal of biological macromolecules 2015 v.81 pp. 942-950
amylose, binding sites, circular dichroism spectroscopy, fluorescence, glutelins, hydrophobic bonding, hydrophobicity, molecular models, protein conformation, rice, thermodynamics, tyrosine
The interaction of rice glutelin (RG) with amylose was characterized by spectroscopic and molecular docking studies. The intrinsic fluorescence of RG increased upon the addition of amylose. The binding sites, binding constant and thermodynamic features indicated that binding process was spontaneous and the main driving force of the interaction was hydrophobic interaction. The surface hydrophobicity of RG decreased with increasing amount of amylose. Furthermore, synchronous fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectra provided data concerning conformational and micro-environmental changes of RG. With the concentration of amylose increasing, the polarity around the tyrosine residues increased while the hydrophobicity decreased. Alteration of protein conformation was observed with increasing of α-helix and reducing of β-sheet. Finally, a visual representation of two binding sites located in the amorphous area of RG was presented by molecular modeling studies.