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Construction and fed-batch cultivation of Candida famata with enhanced riboflavin production

Dmytruk, Kostyantyn, Lyzak, Oleksy, Yatsyshyn, Valentyna, Kluz, Maciej, Sibirny, Vladimir, Puchalski, Czeslaw, Sibirny, Andriy
Journal of biotechnology 2014 v.172 pp. 11-17
Candida saitoana, GTP cyclohydrolase I, aerobiosis, batch fermentation, bioreactors, food industry, gene overexpression, genes, guanosine triphosphate, medicine, metabolic engineering, mutants, nutrition, riboflavin, transcription (genetics), transcription factors, yeasts
Riboflavin (vitamin B2) is an essential nutrition component serving as a precursor of coenzymes FMN and FAD that are involved mostly in reactions of oxidative metabolism. Riboflavin is produced in commercial scale and is used in feed and food industries, and in medicine. The yeast Candida famata (Candida flareri) belongs to the group of so called “flavinogenic yeasts” which overproduce riboflavin under iron limitation. Three genes SEF1, RIB1 and RIB7 coding for a putative transcription factor, GTP cyclohydrolase II and riboflavin synthase, respectively were simultaneously overexpressed in the background of a non-reverting riboflavin producing mutant AF-4, obtained earlier in our laboratory using methods of classical selection (Dmytruk et al. (2011), Metabolic Engineering 13, 82–88). Cultivation conditions of the constructed strain were optimized for shake-flasks and bioreactor cultivations. The constructed strain accumulated up to 16.4g/L of riboflavin in optimized medium in a 7L laboratory bioreactor during fed-batch fermentation.