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Production of optically pure l-phenyllactic acid by using engineered Escherichia coli coexpressing l-lactate dehydrogenase and formate dehydrogenase

Zheng, Zhaojuan, Zhao, Mingyue, Zang, Ying, Zhou, Ying, Ouyang, Jia
Journal of biotechnology 2015 v.207 pp. 47-51
Bacillus coagulans, Escherichia coli, anti-infective properties, antiseptics, formate dehydrogenase, genes, mechanical properties, microorganisms, phenyllactic acid, phenylpyruvic acid, polylactic acid
l-Phenyllactic acid (l-PLA) is a novel antiseptic agent with broad and effective antimicrobial activity. In addition, l-PLA has been used for synthesis of poly(phenyllactic acid)s, which exhibits better mechanical properties than poly(lactic acid)s. However, the concentration and optical purity of l-PLA produced by native microbes was rather low. An NAD-dependent l-lactate dehydrogenase (l-nLDH) from Bacillus coagulans NL01 was confirmed to have a good ability to produce l-PLA from phenylpyruvic acid (PPA). In the present study, l-nLDH gene and formate dehydrogenase gene were heterologously coexpressed in Escherichia coli. Through two coupled reactions, 79.6mM l-PLA was produced from 82.8mM PPA in 40min and the enantiomeric excess value of l-PLA was high (>99%). Therefore, this process suggested a promising alternative for the production of chiral l-PLA.