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Chronic central leptin infusion modulates the glycemia response to insulin administration in male rats through regulation of hepatic glucose metabolism

Burgos-Ramos, Emma, Canelles, Sandra, Rodríguez, Amaia, Gómez-Ambrosi, Javier, Frago, Laura M., Chowen, Julie A., Frühbeck, Gema, Argente, Jesús, Barrios, Vicente
Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 2015 v.415 pp. 157-172
blood glucose, blood serum, cytokines, glucose, glucose transporters, glycogen, glycogen synthase kinases, insulin, insulin receptors, leptin, liver, males, metabolism, rats
Leptin and insulin use overlapping signaling mechanisms to modify hepatic glucose metabolism, which is critical in maintaining normal glycemia. We examined the effect of an increase in central leptin and insulin on hepatic glucose metabolism and its influence on serum glucose levels. Chronic leptin infusion increased serum leptin and reduced hepatic SH-phosphotyrosine phosphatase 1, the association of suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 to the insulin receptor in liver and the rise in glycemia induced by central insulin. Leptin also decreased hepatic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase levels and increased insulin's ability to phosphorylate insulin receptor substrate-1, Akt and glycogen synthase kinase on Ser9 and to stimulate glucose transporter 2 and glycogen levels. Peripheral leptin treatment reproduced some of these changes, but to a lesser extent. Our data indicate that leptin increases the hepatic response to a rise in insulin, suggesting that pharmacological manipulation of leptin targets may be of interest for controlling glycemia.