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Life-history responses of the rice stem borer Chilo suppressalis to temperature change: Breaking the temperature–size rule

Fu, Dao-Meng, He, Hai-Min, Zou, Chao, Xiao, Hai-Jun, Xue, Fang-Sen
Journal of thermal biology 2016 v.61 pp. 115-118
Chilo suppressalis, adults, body weight, correlation, dimorphism, eclosion, environmental factors, females, hatching, larvae, life history, males, moths, pupae, pupation, rearing, temperature
Temperature is a key environmental factor for ectotherms and affects a large number of life history traits. In the present study, development time from hatching to pupation and adult eclosion, pupal and adult weights of the rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis were examined at 22, 25, 28 and 31°C under L18:D 6. Larval and pupal times were significantly decreased with increasing rearing temperature and growth rate was positively correlated with temperature. Larval and pupal developmental times were not significantly different between females and males. The relationship between body weight and rearing temperature in C. suppressalis did not follow the temperature–size rule (TSR), both males and females gained the highest body weight at 31°C. Females were significantly larger than males at all temperatures, showing a female biased sex size dimorphism (SSD). Contrary to Rensch's rule, SSD and body weight in C. suppressalis tended to increase with rising temperature. Male pupae lost significantly more weight at metamorphosis compared to females. We discuss the adaptive significance of the reverse-TSR in the moth's life history.