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A rare occurrence of two large de novo duplications on 1q42-q44 and 9q21.12-q21.33

Wang, Jin, Fu, Chunyun, Zhang, Shujie, Luo, Jingsi, Ouyang, Luping, Xie, Bobo, Sun, Weijia, He, Sheng, Su, Jiasun, Hu, Xuyun, Fei, Dongmei, Chen, Rongyu, Fan, Xin, Ou, Shan, Chen, Shaoke, Shen, Yiping
Gene 2016 v.594 no.1 pp. 59-65
chromosome translocation, chromosomes, ears, face, failure to thrive, growth retardation, hematoma, low birth weight, monosomics, mouth, nose, patients, trisomics
De novo partial distal 1q trisomy is uncommon and mostly occurs in combination with monosomy of another chromosome due to a parental translocation. Distal 1q trisomy co-occurring with another de novo duplication on a separate chromosome is extremely rare. Here, we reported a patient carrying two large de novo interstitial duplications including a 20Mb duplication at 1q42-q44 and a 14.2Mb duplication at 9q21.12-q21.33. The patient presented with features of pre- and postnatal growth retardation, low birth weight, failure to thrive, developmental delay and frequent infection. Her dysmorphic features included macrocephaly, prominent forehead, triangular face, wide fontanelle, hypertelorism, flat nasal bridge, tented mouth, micrognathia, protruding and low-set ears, slender limbs with toe-walking appearance. In addition, she presented with subdural hematoma. The clinical presentations of this patient are mostly consistent with those of distal 1q trisomy syndrome or 9q interstitial duplication. The interstitial 1q trisomy may have contributed to the macrocephaly, prominent forehead and limb abnormalities of our patient. Either or both de novo duplications could have contributed to the features of growth retardation, developmental delay and dysmorphic features including hypertelorism, low-set ears and abnormal nose/nasal bridge.