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Development of a novel l-sulpiride-loaded quaternary microcapsule: Effect of TPGS as an absorption enhancer on physicochemical characterization and oral bioavailability B Biointerfaces
- Kim, Dong Shik, Kim, Dong Wuk, Kim, Kyeong Soo, Choi, Jong Seo, Seo, Youn Gee, Youn, Yu Seok, Oh, Kyung Taek, Yong, Chul Soon, Kim, Jong Oh, Jin, Sung Giu, Choi, Han-Gon
- Colloids and surfaces 2016 v.147 pp. 250-257
- absorption, administered dose, bioavailability, colloids, crystal structure, drug carriers, drugs, evaporation, oral administration, particle size, polyethylene glycol, polyvinylpyrrolidone, sodium, solubility, solvents, succinic acid, sulfates, surfactants
- The aim of this study was to assess the effect of d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) on the physicochemical characterization and oral bioavailability of a novel l-sulpiride-loaded quaternary microcapsule (QMC). The effect of carriers on drug solubility was investigated. Among the carriers tested, polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) and TPGS were selected as polymer, surfactant and absorption enhancer, respectively, due to their high drug solubility. Using the solvent evaporation method, numerous QMCs with different ratios of l-sulpiride, PVP, SLS and TPGS were prepared, and their physicochemical properties, solubility and release were evaluated. In addition, the influence of TPGS concentration on the oral bioavailability of various drug doses was evaluated. All QMCs converted the crystalline drug to the amorphous form and remarkably improved the solubility, release and oral bioavailability of the drug. Furthermore, the TPGS concentration in the QMCs hardly affected the crystallinity, particle size and release, but considerably increased the solubility and oral bioavailability of the drug. In particular, as the dose of administered drug was increased, TPGS provided a greater improvement in oral drug bioavailability. Thus, TPGS played an important role in improving the oral bioavailability of l-sulpiride. Moreover, the QMC with a drug/PVP/SLS/TPGS weight ratio of 5:12:1 :20 with approximately 3.3-fold improved oral bioavailability would be recommended as a commercial pharmaceutical product for oral administration of l-sulpiride.