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Bactericidal activity and mechanism of Ti-doped BiOI microspheres under visible light irradiation B Biointerfaces

Liang, Jialiang, Deng, Jun, Li, Mian, Xu, Tongyan, Tong, Meiping
Colloids and surfaces 2016 v.147 pp. 307-314
X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, antibacterial properties, cell membranes, colloids, cytoplasm, disinfection, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, hydrogen peroxide, irradiation, oxygen, photocatalysts, scanning electron microscopy, superoxide anion, transmission electron microscopy
Ti doped BiOI microspheres were successfully synthesized through a solvothermal method. The photocatalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS) spectroscopy, respectively. The as-synthesized microspheres had 3D hierarchical structures, and the morphologies and visible-light-driven (VLD) disinfection performances were found to be determined by the amount of loaded Ti. The incorporation of Ti in the lattice of BiOI broadened the band gap of BiOI and enhanced the VLD disinfection activity. Ti doped BiOI microspheres with the optimal Ti content exhibited excellent antibacterial performances against both representative Gram-negative and Gram-positive strains, which completely inactivated 3.0×10⁷CFUmL⁻¹E. coli in 24min and 3.0×10⁶CFU mL⁻¹S. aureus in 45min, respectively. Active species including h⁺, e⁻, O2⁻ and H2O2 were found to play important roles in disinfection system. Moreover, the damage of cell membrane and emission of cytoplasm directly led to the inactivation.